As a testimony of their cultural attachment, the particular way of dress is part of the day-to-day life of the inhabitants of Camargue.
The "guardian" (cow- boy) wears moleskin trousers and a coloured shirt to ride horseback. He will put on his black velvet jacket, his tie and his wide-brimmed hat on great occasions.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Marquis of Baroncelli defined him this way and gave him a noble pedigree.
Young ladies wear the Mireille costume until they are 16. When they reach 16, the Festo Vierginenco authorizes them to wear the Arlesian costume and its well-known ribbon.
Contrary to the "Guardian", women only wear their costume on great occasions.
Indeed, wearing the costume represents the identity of the "Nacioun Gardiano" , which consists in maintaining and glorifying the costume, the ways and customs of Camargue and of the region's love of bull games, carrying on the promotion of the "langue d'Oc" , spreading the provincial poesies doctrine that are in the poetic works of Frédéric Mistral and his disciples.