The Flora

Water and salt frame the landscape: irrigation water is diverted to the north of the delta while the sea water, introduced for the production of salt, increases the salinity of the ground in the south. Therefore, there are several types of environments: dunes, marshes, saltworks, grasslands and forests.

Humid environments take up 84% of the region, aquatic vegetation is very abundant in Camargue, there’s a large variety of reeds (such as the sagne used for building the roof of the guardians’ huts): yellow irises and water crowfoots flower in spring.

Bulls and horses grazing allows the development of a carpet of sea lavender while several species of saltwort cover the salted ground called sansouire, the most emblematic landscape of Camargue.

The tamarisk, one of the few trees able to stand the salinity, grows all over the area. The few forests, called ripisylve, are close to the banks of the river Rhône and consist mainly of white poplars and elms.