The cabanes de gardian
That was the house of goalkeepers, fishermen, salt workers, paluniers, shepherds. This traditional house is recognizable by its low shape, its rounded north and its sagne roof (reed)
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Gardians (the Camargue cow boys), fishermen and shepherds lived in huts, which are still easily recognizable thanks to their geometric shape : a juxtaposition of paralleliped, a cylinder, a cone and a prism.
The traditional architecture of this hut is the perfect mix between simplicity and ingeniousness. Its apse always faces the North, from where comes the mistral (strong wind that could have damaged the fragile house). In the past, the cabanes were entirely made by reeds and clay).
On the top of the roof there is a cross, which not only had a symbolic function of protection, but it was useful in case of storms as lightning rod, or as "pivot", which the gardians would tie a rope to, in order to grant their house even more stability in case of strong wind.